Jun 1st

Avenge vs. Revenge

By sam re

Avenge is a verb. To avenge is to punish a wrongdoing with the intent of seeing justice done. Revenge can be used as a noun or a verb. It is more personal, less concerned with justice and more about retaliation by inflicting harm.


Her father avenged her death by working to have the man arrested, tried, and convicted, while her boyfriend took revenge by killing the man's wife.

I avenged my father's murder by seeing that the killer went to jail.

I am seeking revenge for my father's murder so the killer suffers the same way my father did.


Feb 5th

Confusing Words & False Friends (A)

By sam re

Those are the similar-looking words but are used in a different way or have a different meaning:

1- action/activity:

action > the process of doing something to achieve an aim/ activity > a condition in which things are happening or being done.

  • The police took immediate action when they realised the situation was getting out of hand.
  • The police are now monitoring criminal activity in the area.
2-  advice/advise:
  • Take my advice and sell that old car.
  • She strongly advised me to sell my old car.
3-  affect/effect:
  •   The strike will seriously affect train services.
  •    The strike will have a serious effect on train services.
4- appreciable/appreciative:

appreciable > large or important enough to be noticed /       appreciative >  feeling or showing  gratitude or pleasure
  • There doesn't seem to be any appreciable difference between this piece and that one.  
  • The lady was very appreciative after we helped her change her flat tire.
5- assumption/presumption

assume > suppose to be the case, without proof /
> suppose that something is the case on the basis of probability; take for granted that something exists or is the case. 

  •   Many scientific assumptions about Mars were wrong.
  •   The trial was unfair from the beginning because there was no presumption of innocence.
6- avoid/prevent:

avoid > keep away  from  /  prevent > keep from happening

  •    He tried hard to avoid accidents.   
  •   She grabbed my arm to prevent me from falling.