May 10th

Understanding The Difference Between American And British Spelling

By eltis symbiosis

It is not very tough to learn english language given the fact that it has penetrated all cultures and civilizations to an extent that even the most illiterate and cocooned person ends up including it in their daily language. If you haven’t had any exposure to it on academic level, your profession or business will definitely demand you to take english course in order to stay abreast with the trends and manners of the world. The major hoopla for english started post the renaissance period in Europe when a few nations of this continent entered the race to colonize rest of the world and impart their culture and effect on them on root level. And one nation that led all others in this race was Britain, While many civilizations kept close to their basics and adhered to their originality, there was a large part of them that succumbed to the charms of English. It is the deep rooted influence of British language that is now the basic reason that mandated learning of english language a compulsion for all. And it is not restricted to just speaking, it is a vital part of all written communications, agreements, contracts, and all other legal documents and laws which means apart from taking english speaking classes you also need to learn english grammar, punctuation, metaphors, and all other such things.

 

Meanwhile, while a major part of the world was busy learning British english, the Americans modified the language a bit as per their pronunciation convenience ending up with a complete new vocabulary of words that has the same meaning and pronunciation but shorter languages. Which means now the same words have two different spellings like “ageing” in British English is “aging” in American English and so analogue becomes analog and annexe turns into annex. That’s not all, even the same things have different words in American and British english. What is sausage for Americans gets called “banger” British and in same lieu, bonnet is called hood, guy gets called as bloke, bin as trash can, and so forth.

 

 

These are very minute level differences and in order to learn such fine details, you need to take some special course. It is important to have a hang of American english because 90 percent of internet works with it while you need to excellent with British english if you wish to excel in academics. So, a mid way is to get enrolled in the best english speaking course or take english communication course that knows how to impart the right lessons to their candidates as per level of requirement. In case, you are looking for a english training institute in Pune, you can always check out Eltis from Symbiosis. Eltis is an initiative from Symbiosis that addresses all issues and problems pertaining to English on a very professional level. It is a special program run for international students, who needed help with business english, effective writing skills, spoken english, as well as general english. It is a modern day hi-tech institute that ensures best-trained faculties, latest teaching methodology, various activities, facilities like language labs, libraries, conference rooms, and so much more, You can always apply here for certificate courses, diploma courses in english language under SIU, summer courses, and so much more. Eltis is a deemed institute for english language and has been rated as one of the best english training institutes in Pune. You can always check out their official site at http://eltis-symbiosis.org and check out all that they have to offer. 

Oct 3rd

Definition of Articles

By Xavier Fowler

Definition of Articles

An article is a word used to modify a noun, which is a person, place, object, or idea. Technically, an article is an adjective, which is any word that modifies a noun. Usually adjectives modify nouns through description, but articles are used instead to point out or refer to nouns. There are two different types of articles that we use in writing and conversation to point out or refer to a noun or group of nouns: definite and indefinite articles.

Definite Article

Let's begin by looking at the definite article. This article is the word the, and it refers directly to a specific noun or groups of nouns. For example:

  • the freckles on my face
  • the alligator in the pond
  • the breakfast burrito on my plate

Each noun or group of nouns being referred to - in these cases freckles, alligator, and breakfast burrito - is direct and specific.

Indefinite Articles

Indefinite articles are the words a and an. Each of these articles is used to refer to a noun, but the noun being referred to is not a specific person, place, object, or idea. It can be any noun from a group of nouns. For example:

  • a Mercedes from the car lot
  • an event in history

In each case, the noun is not specific. The Mercedes could be any Mercedes car available for purchase, and the event could be any event in the history of the world.

Article Usage with Examples

Properly using a definite article is fairly straightforward, but it can be tricky when you are trying to figure out which indefinite article to use. The article choice depends on the sound at the beginning of the noun that is being modified. There is a quick and easy way to remember this.

If the noun that comes after the article begins with a vowel sound, the appropriate indefinite article to use is 'an.' A vowel sound is a sound that is created by any vowel in the English language: 'a,' 'e,' 'i,' 'o,' 'u,' and sometimes 'y' if it makes an 'e' or 'i' sound. For example:

  • an advertisement on the radio (this noun begins with 'a,' which is a vowel)
Aug 25th

Helping Verbs

By Jane Doe

Many sentences have verbs that are more than one word. These are called verb phrases. The auxiliary verb is the main verb that does the action. The other verbs are helping verbs that help to explain the action and the tense.

 

"I will jump in the water." Will indicates future tense; it is the helping verb. Jump is the auxiliary verb. 

 

In the following sentences, auxilary verb is bolded and the helping verb is italicized.

 

1. I am going to work now.

2. I have already tried the video game.

3. I  was searching for my glasses.

 

 

The most used helping verbs:

 

is

am

are

was

were

be

being

been 

has

have

had 

do

does

did 

shall

will

should

would 

may

might

must

can

could

 

 

Your Turn: 

 

Please post the answers in a reply to this blog.

 

Which word in the following sentences are helping verbs and which are auxiliary verbs?

 

1. I will have the tacos for dinner.

2. I was dreaming about candy and cakes.

3. I should have told you the truth.

4. I might have eaten too much.

5. I will do that later.

Mar 17th

Complement Vs. Compliment

By Jane Doe

COMPLEMENT vs. COMPLIMENT

Complement and compliment are pronounced almost identically. There is a very slight different in the sounds of the second syllables, but hardly enough to notice. In writing, you can see the spelling and, therefore, can identify easily which one it is. In speaking, you have figure out which one it is by the context of the sentence.

 

Words that sound the same but are spelled differently are called homophones.

 

Here it goes:

Compliment

 

 

A compliment, with an i, is like something nice you say about someone. It's flattery.

"I like your shoes."

"Your hair looks great today."

 

 

Complement

A complement, with an e, is a full crew or a set, and it is also when something complements (goes together with, fits with) something else, it means they go well together. 

"I love this red shirt because it complements my hair."

 

TO KNOW THE DIFFERENCE

I like to give compliments (I like to say nice things to people)

Since "I" like to give them, this compliment is with an i.  (This is pure flattery.)

 

 

We go well together as complements. (we fit well together, we go together, we work well together). Since there are no i's in this sentence, it's complement with an e. 

 

See if you can do it now:

1. When I am in class, my teacher (compliments/complements) my work.

2. The (compliment/complement) of sleep is warmth.

3. The man got hit by wife for (complimenting/complementing) a pretty girl.

4. This food is awesome. My (compliments/complements) to the chef.

5. The (compliment/complement) of red is green.

 

 

 

 

 

Mar 14th

Afraid Vs. Frightened

By Jane Doe

 

Afraid or Frightened?

  • You don’t use afraid before a noun:
  •           You can say a frightened animal. 
  •           You can not say  an afraid animal.

 

  • You can be ‘afraid of ‘something, and,
  • You can be ‘frightened of’ something:
  •            I’m afraid of heights.
  •            She’s frightened of getting old.

 

  • You can also say that you are ‘frightened to’
  • Or ‘afraid to’ do something:
  •            I’m afraid to speak up.
  •            People are frightened to leave home.

 

  • Afraid can be used to politely express regret:
  •           I'm  afraid that we don’t stock that item.
  • But don’t use ‘frightened’ to express regret.
Mar 4th

Adjectives in Comparative Sentences

By Jane Doe

Comparative sentences compare things using as or than.

Ex: I am as tall as you are.

Ex: I am taller than you.

 

If you are comparing with “as….as,” the form of the adjective does not change.

 

However, there may be changes in the adjectives when comparing using “than.”

 

For 1-syllable adjectives, when comparing using “than,” simply at –er to the adjective.

1 syllable adjectives: tall, mad, sweet

I am taller than he is. (comparison of my height to his)

I was madder than I thought. (comparison of how mad I am to how mad I thought I was)

The candy is sweeter than the cookies. (comparison of candy and cookies.

                                                                                                                                                                   

For 1-syllable adjectives in comparative sentences with implied information, simply add –er to the adjective.

 

1-syllable adjectives: kind, thin, cute

You are kinder now. (the comparison is how kind you are now compared to how kind you were before. It is implied that you are kinder now MORE THAN you were before)

The thinner book is the one you want. (the comparision is between the book that is thinner THAN and the books that are not thin; the thinner book is thinner THAN the other books)

 

For 2-syllable adjectives that end in –y  in comparative sentences, change the y to –ier.

2 syllable adjectives ending in –y: Happy, funny, cozy

Ex: I am happier today. The comparison is between how happy I was yesterday and how happy I am today. I am happier today (than I was yesterday).

Ex. You are funnier than everyone else. (comparison of funniness of you and everyone else)

Ex. I am cozier here than anywhere else. (comparison of coziness here and everywhere else)

 

All other 2-syllable adjectives or more than two syllable adjectives, use “more” without changing the adjective form.

2-syllable adjectives NOT ending in –y; 3 or more syllable adjectives: crowded, boring, majestic

Ex: The store is more crowded than I imagined.

Ex: This is more boring than anything I have ever done before.

Ex. The eagle is more majestic than the raven.

 

In comparison sentences, you may also use “most” or -iest if you want to imply the maximum value of the adjective; with most, like more, do not change the adjective form. –iest is only used for 2-syllable adjectives ending in –y.

I have the most adorable story to tell you.

I am the luckiest girl alive.

This is the most peaceful place.

 

This is not the funniest thing that ever happened to me.

Dec 10th

other than, rather than and instead of

By sam re

* Other than = with the exception of

Other than Mohamed, no one had thought to ask this sensible question.

(Only Mohamed thought about it)

* rather than = and not (used in parallel structures)

Maha decided to go to the party rather than study English.

It ought to be you rather than me that signs the letter.

I'd prefer to go in August rather than in July.

(She went to the party, and did not study English)

* instead of = in place of: as a substitute for or alternative to

David wrote in pencil instead of pen.

(He lost his pen, so he used the pencil as a substitute)

Nov 15th

Confusing words: Dependent and Dependant

By sam re

Dependent and Dependant

In American English dependent is both adjective and noun, Americans do not need to recognize the difference between these two words.  

Example: Two of my dependents became dependent on heroin.

For English speakers outside America, there is often confusion over the words dependent and dependant.

Dependant

The word dependant refers to a person and is a noun. A dependant is a person who is dependent on someone else.

Example: All embassy staff and their dependants must be at the airport by 6 o'clock.
(In this example, the word dependants means spouses and children.)


Dependent


The word dependent is an adjective meaning relying on, supported by or addicted to.

Example: I am dependent on the weather for a safe crossing.
(reliant on the weather)

http://www.grammar-monster.com/easily_confused/dependant_dependent.htm

Sep 2nd

Put/Set/Place

By Jane Doe

When to use PUT/SET/PLACE when talking about moving something from one location to another.




Put: verb: to change the location of something

Put is the least careful of the three verbs. Most things are put because they don't need specific care. 

  • Put that in the car. 
  • Put that away. 
  • Put it in your bag.


Set requires a little more care than "put." If you set something, then you are put it a little more carefully.

  • Set the book on the table. (Set indicates not to slam it or drop it but most likely if you did it would not damage the book)
  • Set the clothes on the bed. (Set indicates not to put them in a disorderly manner but maybe to keep them folded)

Place is a careful putting, usually onto a flat horizontal surface. place is a higher register verb than put, which is pretty lowly as verbs go. Usually if you place something, the thing you are placing is more fragile or it is important to use care to put it where you want it.

  • Place the jar on the table. (The jar is made of glass, you must be careful when putting it anywhere)
  • Place the knife in the knife holder. (If not careful, you may get cut)


Aug 21st

Verbs that Don't Change

By Jane Doe

There are some verbs that don't change form no matter which tense you are using. The only change that is made to these verbs is in the progressive tense (-ing). Below is a list with a few examples.

BURST:

  • Correct: Yesterday he burst my balloon and made me sad; don't burst it again.
  • Correct: I am bursting all the bubbles.
  • Incorrect: You bursted into the room so loudly.

COST:

  • Correct: What did that cost you? Does it cost much generally? I hopt it won't cost more by the time I have enough money saved.
  • Correct: This is costing me a lot of time.
  • Incorrect: This would have costed a lot of money in USA.

CUT:

  • Correct: He didn't cut my hair properly. Please cut it for me now. Will you cut it properly?
  • Correct: She is cutting my hair.
  • Incorrect: He cutted my hair.

HIT:

  • Correct: Did you hit your goal? Hit the door hard to let them know you're here. I will not ever hit you.
  • Correct: He was hitting the nail with a hammer. I am hitting the nail with a hammer also.
  • Incorrect: He hitted the nail with hammer.

HURT:

  • Correct: You didn't hurt me. Do I hurt you? I will not ever hurt you.
  • Correct: You are not hurting me now.
  • Incorrect: That hurted so much.

LET:

  • Correct: Didn't you let him inside? Let him inside now. I would always let him inside.
  • Correct: He is letting me have fun.
  • Incorrect: You letted the dog eat my food.

PUT:

  • Correct: I put the books on the table like you asked me to. I will put them on the desk now. Would you like me to put them in a certain other place in the future?
  • Correct: I am putting it on the table now.
  • Incorrect: He putted the the milk in the refrigerator.

QUIT:

  • Correct: He quit talking to me before I could even answer his questions. Quit yelling. Will you ever quit lying?
  • Correct: He is always quitting games because he's a sore loser.
  • Incorrect: I quitted drinking alcohol.

SET:

  • Correct: I loved how you set the house up. Set the glass on the table. If you could set a fire, would you ever?
  • Correct: I was setting a good example.
  • Incorrect: He setted everything on fire.